Ashot III (Armenian: Աշոտ Գ) was a king of Armenia, ruling the medieval kingdom of Armenia from 952/53-77. Known as Ashot III the Merciful (Աշոտ Գ. Ողորմած) and acknowledged by foreign rulers as the Shahanshah (king of kings) of Mets Hayk' (Greater Armenia), he moved his royal seat of residence to Ani and oversaw its development and of the kingdom as a whole. Armenia reached the height of its golden era during his reign and that of his sons and successors, Smbat II (977–89) and Gagik I (990–1020). ReignDuring the first year of his reign Ashot launched a military assault to free the city of Dvin from Muslim rule, an undertaking that ultimately ended in failure. Despite this setback, he took steps to centralize power in the kingdom, patronizing the Armenian Church in exchange for its support. During his reign Catholicos Anania I Mokats'i moved his patriarchal seat to Argina, near the city of Ani.In 961 Ani was proclaimed the capital of the kingdom, and Ashot set himself to enriching and expanding the city. Ashot constructed a wall enclosing Ani and that would later take its name after him, and sponsored the building of monasteries, hospitals, schools, and almshouses. His consort, Queen Khosrovanuysh, meanwhile sponsored the construction of the churches in Sanahin and Haghpat.In the war between the Byzantine emperor John Tzimiskes and the Arabs, Armenia did its best to remain neutral and forced the two battling parties to respect the boundaries of its country. The Byzantine army began to march across the plain of Mush, thinking to strike the decisive blow against the Arabs from Armenia, but when they met with the 30,000-strong army of Ashot III, they altered their plan and left Armenia. Ashot instead provided Tzimiskes with 10,000 soldiers, who accompanied his men in their campaign in Mesopotamia.Scholars have suggested that he was buried either in Ani or at the nearby Horomos monastic complex. Sub-kingdomsA new phenomenon that began under Ashot III's reign, and continued under his successors, was the establishment of sub-kingdoms throughout Bagratuni Armenia. Ashot III had sent his brother Mushegh I to rule in Kars (Vanand) and had allowed him to use the title of king. The administrative district of Dzoraget near Lake Sevan was given to Ashot's son Gurgen, the progenitor of the Kyurikid line, in 966, who would later assume the title of king. The proliferation of so many kingdoms worked to the benefit of Armenia so long as the king in Ani remained strong and maintained his hegemony over other kings. Otherwise, the kings, as well their respective bishops who would claim the position of catholicos and formulate their own doctrines, would begin to test the limits of their autonomy.
Emma (wrestler) and Ashot III of ArmeniaTenille Averil Dashwood (born 1 March 1989) is an Australian professional wrestler. She is currently signed to WWE, where she performs under the ring name Emma. Prior to signing with WWE, she wrestled on the independent circuit as Tenille Tayla.Contents 1 Professional wrestling career 1.1 Training and Independent circuit (2003–2011) 1.2 World Wrestling Entertainment / WWE 1.2.1 Florida Championship Wrestling (2011–2012) 1.2.2 NXT (2012–2014) 1.2.3 Main roster and various storylines (2014–2015) 1.2.4 Return to NXT (2015–present) 2 Personal life 3 Other media 4 In wrestling 5 Championships and accomplishments 6 References 7 External linksProfessional wrestling career Training and Independent circuit (2003–2011)Dashwood was introduced to wrestling by her older brother Jake, when she was about 8 years old. She involved herself in the Australian wrestling scene and did some training from the ages of 13 to 15. In 2005, Dashwood made some appearances for the Australian wrestling promotion PWA Australia under the ring name Valentine. However, from the age of 16 to 18, Dashwood was limited to merely setting up the ring at events and helping out after she suffered a severe shoulder injury. In 2007, she moved to Calgary, Alberta, Canada for a few months to train with Lance Storm at the Storm Wrestling Academy. Dashwood returned to Australia by September 2008, and wrestled there until February 2009 for promotions like Wrestlerock and PWA Queensland.Dashwood then travelled to the United States and made her in-ring debut for all-female American promotion Shimmer Women Athletes on 2 May 2009. This was at the tapings of Volume 23, where she lost to Amber O'Neal. At Volume 25, Tenille defeated Jetta of the International Home Wrecking Crew, but was attacked by the Crew after the match. At Volume 26, Tenille lost to Rain, another member of the Crew. Rain and Jetta defeated Tenille and Jessie McKay at Volume 28. Tenille teamed with McKay again at Volume 36, when they made an unsuccessful challenge for Portia Perez and Nicole Matthews' Shimmer Tag Team Championship.Dashwood made her debut for the Canadian wrestling promotion Extreme Canadian Championship Wrestling (ECCW) on 22 May 2009 under her real name. In 2009, Dashwood also wrestled for another Canadian promotion, Prairie Wrestling Alliance, as Tenille Williams. In Dashwood's debut match for ECCW, she defeated Nicole Matthews to earn a shot at the SuperGirls Championship, but later lost to champion Veronika Vice. On 1 August, Tenille defeated Vice and Matthews in a 3-way match to win her first-ever ECCW Supergirls title. By racking up successful titles defenses in singles matches against Vice and Matthews, Tenille held the championship until 27 November 2009 when she lost it back to Vice.At the 19 March 2010 ECCW event, Tenille defeated Veronika Vice to re-capture the ECCW Women's Championship. She then enjoyed successful title defenses against Vice, Nicole Matthews and Lylah Lodge in singles matches, as well as against Matthews and KC Spinelli in a three-way. Dashwood lost the title to Matthews in a tables match on 26 October, and went on to lose a title rematch to Matthews in December 2010. Tenille's last match in ECCW was on 7 May 2011, where she was defeated by Matthews.In early 2011, Tenille returned to Lance Storm's Storm Wrestling Academy for further training, during which she became one of the ten trainees featured on the World of Hurt reality television show. On 9 July 2011, at a Melbourne City Wrestling event, Tenille had her last match in Australia before heading to WWE, and was defeated by Shazza McKenzie. World Wrestling Entertainment / WWE Florida Championship Wrestling (2011–2012)In March 2011, Shimmer announced that Dashwood had signed a contract with World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). In July 2011, Dashwood decided to undergo surgery for her shoulder, which had caused her problems throughout her career. In June 2012, Dashwood relocated to Florida, and eventually reported to WWE's developmental territory Florida Championship Wrestling (FCW). She made her FCW in-ring debut on the 1 August live event, participating in a battle royal. In August 2012, Dashwood revealed Emma as her new ring name. NXT (2012–2014)WWE went on to rebrand its developmental territory, FCW, into NXT. Emma made her televised debut on the 28 November episode of NXT, where she competed against Audrey Marie in a losing effort. Emma debuted the gimmick of a kooky, clumsy dancer on the 9 January 2013 episode of NXT. From April, Emma began to rack up wins over the likes of Bayley and Audrey Marie, while becoming one of NXT's most popular wrestlers. On the 26 June episode of NXT, Emma competed in the NXT Women's Championship tournament to crown the inaugural champion. She defeated Aksana in the first round, and Summer Rae in the semi-finals on the 10 July episode of NXT. On the 24 July episode of NXT, Emma was defeated by Paige in the finals for the NXT Women's Championship tournament.On the 7 August episode of NXT, Emma won a dance competition against Summer Rae to become the number one contender for the NXT Women's Championship, but Rae then attacked her to start a feud. In the following months, Emma teamed up with Paige to feud with Rae and Sasha Banks, collectively known as the BFFs (Beautiful Fierce Females). On the 18 December episode of NXT, Emma was challenged by Natalya for Emma's shot at the NXT Championship, which was contested on the 1 January 2014 episode of NXT, in which Emma was victorious. On 27 February, at NXT Arrival, Emma received her title match against Paige, but was unsuccessful in capturing the championship. After Paige was stripped of the championship in April, Emma lost to Charlotte in a tournament to determine the new champion. On the 5 June episode of NXT, Emma and Paige returned to save Bayley from an attack from Summer Rae, Sasha Banks, and Charlotte. On 12 June, Emma teamed with Paige and Bayley to defeat the BFFs. Main roster and various storylines (2014–2015)On the 13 January 2014 episode of Raw, Emma made her first appearance on the main roster when WWE acknowledged her appearing amongst the live audience. Emma continued to appear in the crowd on Raw and SmackDown that month, with tensions developing between her and Summer Rae. Emma and Santino Marella before a match on Raw in April 2014.On the 3 February episode of Raw, Emma was invited into the ring by Santino Marella to participate in a dance-off against Rae, which Emma won by fan vote. In the following weeks, the feud between Emma and Rae continued, and Emma eventually began teasing a on-screen relationship with Marella. Emma and Rae would finally face off in a match on the 24 February episode of Raw, in which Emma was victorious. A week later, on the 3 March episode of Raw, Emma and Santino would defeat Rae and Fandango in a mixed tag team match, when Emma once again made Rae submit. On the 25 March episode of Main Event, Emma teamed up with Natalya, The Funkadactyls (Cameron and Naomi) and Eva Marie in a losing effort to the team of Rae, Alicia Fox, Aksana, Layla and Tamina Snuka. On the 27 March episode of WWE Superstars, Emma once again defeated Rae by submission. On 6 April at WrestleMania XXX, Emma made her WrestleMania debut, competing in the Vickie Guerrero Invitational match for the WWE Divas Championship, which was won by defending champion AJ Lee. The following night on Raw, Emma and Marella once again defeated Rae and Fandango in a mixed tag team match, with Emma making Rae submit. The following episode of SmackDown, Emma became embroiled in a feud with Layla, when she replaced Summer Rae as Fandango's dance partner and valet. This led to Emma using Marella's finisher the Cobra Strike, later dubbing it the Ven-Emma, to defeat Layla on the April 21 episode of Raw. In the beginning of July, Emma's alliance with Marella ended after he announced his legitimate retirement from in-ring competition.Emma returned on the 15 July episode of Main Event, where she defeated Cameron. In August, Emma was placed in a feud with Alicia Fox, where the two fought in three matches on Superstars and Main Event. Emma would win the first two bouts before losing to her on the 4 September episode of Superstars. At Survivor Series in November, Emma participated in a 4-on-4 elimination tag team match, where she eliminated Summer Rae before her team won the match with a clean sweep. In addition to her activities on NXT in 2015, she was involved in a number of matches on the main roster, including a battle royal to determine the number-one contender for the WWE Divas Championship, which would be won by Paige. Return to NXT (2015–present)On the 28 January 2015 episode of NXT, Emma announced that she would be returning to NXT, stating that her tenure on the main roster had not worked out "as she planned".
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