Mankon and Unibrow

The palace of the fon in Mankon

Mankon is a geo-historic community constituting a large part of Bamenda in Cameroon, formed as an amalgamation of about five different ethnic groups. The Mankon fondom (kingdom) represents one of the oldest monarchies of the grassfield people of the Northwest Province. The fondom is ruled by a 'fon' (king) with rights to kinghood acquired by birth. The crowned fon is usually a designated son of the deceased king, a child who was born only during his reign.

Contents 1 Colonial history 2 Tourism 3 References 4 External links

Colonial history

In the late 19th century, the Mankon people fought against German colonial forces, in a conflict that became known as the Battle of Mankon. German colonial forces, allied with the Bali people, were led by Eugen Zintgraff and severely outnumbered the Mankon. The first two conflicts saw the German and Bali force, armed with guns and cannons, defeated at the hands of the spear- and machete-toting Mankon warriors. Some of Zintgraff's men had to flee on foot to as far as Babungo. But the Mankon people were finally defeated in a third conflict in 1901.

The Mankon community remained under German control until after World War I, when northwestern Cameroon became a British mandate territory. This situation remained until the British-administered Cameroons achieved independence in 1961.

The Mankon Cultural and Development Association (MACUDA)is a cultural group that brings people of this kingdom together where ever they might be in the world to promote their culture and assists in development projects in the kingdom. The group has branches in major cities and towns in Cameroon and all over the world especially in the United States of America. Annual celebrations are help in different cities in the US to celebrate and commune with each other. The first of such gathering know as a convention stated in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 2006. The Mankon Students Association (MASA), bring students from different institutions of learning together in Mankon during the summer holidays to enable interaction, development of relationships, promotion of cultural values and activities activities and to contribute to the development of Mankon. Tourism The museum in Mankon Palace

Mankon plays host to several tourism conveniences amongst which is a modern museum located at the 'ntoh', the palace of the fon, and is opened to the public. This museum constitutes a major tourist destination in Northwest Province, with a gallery of art and craft dating back several centuries.

The most convenient time to visit the Mankon fondom is during the December and New Year periods when the kingdom has its annual dance, during which the people celebrate and also have the rare occasion of mixing with the fon. Festivities may last a week and it is a great time for cultural display. Such festivities give the Mankon people the opportunity to savor the varied rhythms of African music and to meet expert drummers and musicians of the kingdom.

Unibrow and Mankon

A close up of the human unibrow

A unibrow (or monobrow; called synophrys in medicine) is the presence of abundant hair between the eyebrows, so that they seem to converge to form one long eyebrow.

Contents 1 Beauty and culture 2 Make up (unibrow simulation) 3 Medicine 4 References

Beauty and culture

Historically, and in some cultures, for example Tajikistan, the unibrow is viewed as an attractive quality in men and women alike. In some cultures, it may be associated with purity and, in men, virility; while most Western cultures find it unappealing, often associating it with a lack of sophistication and good grooming. People in Western cultures may pluck, wax, or use other treatments to rid themselves of this feature. However, in non-Western cultures, this facial hair does not have this stigma, and is seen as a sign of feminine beauty, where connected eyebrows are a sign of virginity and of being unmarried.

In a rare instance of positive associations with a unibrow in Western Culture, the first pick of the 2012 NBA Draft, Anthony Davis of the University of Kentucky, trademarked the phrases "Fear the brow" and "Raise the brow", which reference Davis' famed unibrow.

Anthony Davis

Cosmonaut Salizhan Sharipov

Joe Gilgun Make up (unibrow simulation)

In some cultures such as in Tajikistan, a unibrow is considered attractive in women. If there is no unibrow present, or if it is weak, it is drawn with kohl liner or a modern kajal pen to simulate a unibrow. Medicine

Unibrows are part of normal human variation, but they can also stem from developmental disorders. Synophrys is a recognised feature of Cornelia De Lange syndrome, a genetic disorder whose main features include moderate to severe learning difficulties, limb abnormalities such as oligodactyly (fewer than normal fingers or toes) and phocomelia (malformed limbs), and facial abnormalities including a long philtrum (the slight depression/line between the nose and mouth) and bushy eyebrows.

Other conditions associated with synophrys include: Waardenburg Syndrome; Patau Syndrome; Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome; Sanfilippo Syndrome; 3p Deletion Syndrome; Chromosome Deletion Dillan 4p Syndrome (Wolf–Hirschhorn Syndrome); Gorlin Syndrome (Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome); Frontometaphyseal Dysplasia; ATRX Syndrome; Chromosome 9q34 Microdeletion Syndrome or Kleefstra syndrome. Cornelia de Lange Syndrome
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