1998 in art and Brooke Fraser

Contents 1 Events 2 Exhibitions 3 Awards 4 Artworks 5 Publications 6 Deaths 7 References

Events April – Fans of Newcastle United F.C. decorate the newly erected Angel of the North sculpture with a giant replica of Alan Shearer's no. 9 shirt. Police remove the shirt after about twenty minutes. 3 December – 44 governments participating in the Washington Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets approve the Washington Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art, requiring efforts to be made to restore looted art to its original owners or their heirs. Exhibitions 1 November – Jackson Pollock retrospective opens at MoMA. Awards Archibald Prize – Lewis Miller, Portrait of Allan Mitelman No 3 Arts & Cultural Council for Greater Rochester Artist of the Year – Wendell Castle Grand Prix d'Antoine Pevsner – Constantine Andreou Hugo Boss Prize – Douglas Gordon Turner Prize – Chris Ofili Artworks February 16 – Angel of the North unveiled See also: Category:1998 paintings and Category:1998 sculptures Michael Condron – Martian tripod (Woking, England) Martin Creed – Work No 200: Half the air in a given space Anthony Gormley – Angel of the North David Hockney – A Bigger Grand Canyon Ron Mueck – Ghost Chris Ofili – No Woman No Cry Rachel Whiteread – Water Tower (New York City) Publications Fossi, Gloria (1998). Botticelli. Primavera. (Inglese ed.). Giunti Editore Firenze Italy. ISBN 978-88-09-21459-0. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  Boyd, William (1998). Nat Tate: An American Artist 1928-1960. Cambridge: 21 Publishing. ISBN 1-901785-01-7.  A hoax biography, launched on April 1. Deaths 23 January – Victor Pasmore, English artist and architect (b. 1908) 7 March – Karen Holtsmark, Norwegian painter (b. 1907) 12 March – Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramicist (b. 1893) 13 March – Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920) 3 April – Wolf Vostell, German painter and sculptor (b. 1932) 7 April – James McIntosh Patrick, Scottish landscape painter (b. 1907) 21 April – Louis Maratier, French post-impressionist artist and painter (b. 1922) 25 April – Wright Morris, American novelist, photographer, and essayist (b. 1910) 3 May – Otto Bettmann, German American image archivist (b. 1903) 6 May – Sybil Connolly, Welsh-Irish fashion designer (b. 1921) 20 June – Kali, Polish-American portrait painter and Polish Resistance agent during World War II (b. 1918) 8 October – Zhang Chongren, Chinese artist and sculptor (b. 1907) 25 October – Dick Higgins, English composer, poet, printer and early Fluxus artist (b. 1938) 3 November – Bob Kane, American comic book artist and writer (b. 1915) 13 November – Claude Serre, French cartoonist (b. 1938) 2 December – Brian Stonehouse, English painter and Special Operations Executive agent during World War II (b. 1918) 30 December – Joan Brossa, Catalan poet, playwrigt, graphic designer and plastic artist (b. 1919)

Brooke Fraser and 1998 in art

Brooke Gabrielle Fraser Ligertwood, better known as Brooke Fraser (born 15 December 1983), is a New Zealand musician best known for her third studio album Flags, and hit single "Something in the Water". Fraser is one of the top selling and most popular recording artists of all time in New Zealand, her albums being awarded 15x platinum to date. Her album, Brutal Romantic, was released in November 2014.

Contents 1 Early life 2 Musical career 2.1 What to Do With Daylight 2.2 Albertine 2.3 Flags 2.4 Brutal Romantic 3 Personal life 4 Philanthropy 5 Discography 6 Awards and nominations 7 References 8 External links

Early life

Fraser is the eldest of three children born to former All Black Bernie Fraser, who was born in Lautoka, Fiji, and his wife Lynda Fraser. Her father is of Fijian, Portuguese and Scottish descent. Brooke grew up in Naenae, Lower Hutt and attended Dyer Street School, Naenae Intermediate School and Naenae College.

Fraser took piano lessons between the ages of seven and seventeen. She started writing songs at age twelve and taught herself the acoustic guitar at fifteen.

She began writing for the Soul Purpose magazine at age fifteen, and was later made editor in 2002. She gave up her job as editor shortly after moving to Auckland in late 2002 in order to pursue her music career. Musical career

In 2002, at the age of 18, Brooke signed a multi album deal with Sony Music, after a fierce bidding war between labels. What to Do With Daylight Main article: What to Do with Daylight

Fraser's first album, What to Do with Daylight, was released in New Zealand in late 2003, debuting at number one and achieved gold status in the same week. The album eventually went seven times platinum, selling over 105,000 copies in New Zealand alone. It remained on the album charts for sixty-six weeks. All five singles from the album reached the top twenty in the New Zealand Singles Chart. Her album also topped the New Zealand Top 50 Albums for all of 2004. The album also achieved gold status in Australia.

Following the release of What to Do with Daylight, Fraser toured Australia and New Zealand with American artist John Mayer and then toured New Zealand with veteran U.K. rock artist David Bowie. Albertine Main article: Albertine (album)

In 2005, prior to writing and preparing her follow-up album, Fraser took a trip to Rwanda before visiting her World Vision sponsor children in Tanzania. Brooke wrote the song Albertine about a young genocide victim (named Albertine), whom she met while in Rwanda. This song became her second album's title track.

For this album, Fraser decided to enlist a new band of American session musicians who'd worked with an array of notable artists, both live and recorded. In 2006, Fraser and the band went into the studio in Los Angeles to record the album with producer Marshall Altman. The first single Deciphering Me reached number four in the New Zealand single charts in 2006.

On 4 December 2006 Albertine (the album) was released in New Zealand, achieving double platinum status less than a month after its release. The album was released in Australia and internationally on 31 March 2007. In Australia, it charted at number twenty-nine in its first week on 9 April and has achieved Gold sales status.

Albertine was also Brooke's U.S. debut, released on 27 May 2008. It entered the Billboard 200 at number ninety on 19 July 2008. The album was propelled by online sales after being chosen as Editor's Choice on iTunes. In 2008 Brooke undertook a major world tour culminating the Montreal Jazz Festival and the Sheppard's Bush Empire in London, UK. Albertine (the single) won the prestigious APRA Silver Scroll for Song of the Year in 2007. Flags Main article: Flags (Brooke Fraser album)

Flags was recorded at East West Studios in Hollywood in the summer of 2010 and released on 12 October 2010, in New Zealand, Australia and North America. Fraser celebrated with sold out tours in all territories. Flags reached the No. 1 spot on the New Zealand album chart, No. 3 in Australia, and entered at No. 59 on the Billboard 200 in the US, and climbed as high as No. 3 on the U.S iTunes album chart. Flags has been certified Gold in Australia and 3x Platinum in New Zealand, where it was also the 6th highest selling album of 2010. The first single, Something in the Water, has achieved extensive radio success across the globe, notably receiving BBC Radio 2 A-list rotation in the top 10 in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Finland and Belgium and is a gold single in Germany and Italy. The single achieved double platinum sales in NZ where it spent 21 weeks in the 2010 singles chart. Flags was released in July 2011 in Europe and debuted in the album charts at No. 6 in Germany, No. 33 in Austria & No. 24 in Switzerland. One month on from release, Flags remained in the German top 20 at No. 13 and Something in the Water on the singles charts at No. 8. Flags was released in October 2011 in Hungary, reaching No. 15 on the national album chart by second week of release. Flags was later released in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland on 7 November in 2011.

In its review of Flags, Glide Magazine said: "Brooke Fraser's third release, Flags, is a wonder. From the stunning lyrical imagery throughout to the impressive guest vocalists who join her (Cary Brothers, Jon Foreman and Aqualung among them), from Fraser’s ethereal and breathy performances to the wide-ranging soundscapes, this record is drenched in beauty and stands as one of the more remarkable achievements of 2010." Brutal Romantic Main article: Brutal Romantic

On 13 August 2014, Fraser released a "taster track" titled Psychosocial, on SoundCloud. The song marked a radical shift in musical direction for Fraser, as she moves from more acoustic and singer-songwriter based tunes to more electronic sounds. Her new single Kings and Queens went to radio on 22 September 2014, and was available for digital download on 26 September 2014. On 1 October she announced Brutal Romantic would follow in November. The album was released in Australia, New Zealand and South East Asia on 14 November 2014 and in North America on 17 November 2014. The album was produced by Brooke Fraser and David Kosten, except the track Magical Machine which was produced by Fraser, Kosten and Dan Wilson. Personal life

After the success of her first album, Fraser moved to Sydney in 2004. On 17 March 2008 she married Scott Ligertwood, in Sydney, changing her name to Brooke Ligertwood. "Brooke Fraser" has remained her stage name for her career. In March 2015, Fraser announced she was pregnant with their first child. Philanthropy

Fraser has enjoyed success in her career for many years, and she has always used her position to highlight many worthy causes and charity projects, and raising large amounts of money for them in the process. In late 2010 whilst on tour in the U.S. promoting her third album Flags, Fraser, in conjunction with charity: water ran a birthday campaign asking her fans to donate $27 in honour of her 27th birthday. The goal was to raise $50,000 to build clean water wells in Ethiopia. Joining the likes of Justin Bieber, Will Smith and Adam Lambert Fraser's birthday campaign raised over $54,000. She has vowed to continue her work with charity: water on future projects.

Fraser has worked with World Vision as an Artist Associate since 2001. She has visited Cambodia and Tanzania with World Vision, the Philippines with Opportunity International and independently travelled to Rwanda in June 2005, in June 2006 as part of charity event "Hope Rwanda", and in May 2007 when she filmed the music video for the song "Albertine" off her second studio album of the same name. She also sponsors eleven children through World Vision and makes child ways of contributing to the work of World Vision (i.e. fundraising T-shirts etc.).

She was one of many New Zealand performers to work alongside popular New Zealand comedy band Flight of the Conchords in their 2012 New Zealand Red Nose Day charity song "Feel Inside (and stuff like that)". Discography Main article: Brooke Fraser discography Studio albums What to Do with Daylight (2003) Albertine (2006) Flags (2010) Brutal Romantic (2014) Awards and nominations APRA Awards (New Zealand) New Zealand Music Awards GMA Dove Awards
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