Buses in Barcelona and José Manuel Estrada

A Mercedes-Benz articulated TMB bus run by biodiesel on Plaça de la Universitat.

Buses in Barcelona are a major form of public transport in Barcelona, with an extensive local and interurban bus network. There is also a network of night buses called Nitbus and it is being set up a bus rapid transit system called RetBus, which is intended to complement the current local bus network. All bus routes serving Barcelona metropolitan area are organized by Autoritat del Transport Metropolità (ATM). Local services are operated in most part by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB), although other bus services are operated by several private companies under common names.

Contents 1 History 2 Operation 2.1 Local buses 2.2 Interurban buses 2.3 Nitbus 2.4 RetBus 2.5 Aerobús 2.6 Tour buses 2.7 Long distance buses 2.8 Other 3 Numbering and pricing 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History Operation Local buses A typical TMB bus stop near Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys.

The local bus network is very extended and reaches all neighbourhoods in Barcelona including some municipalities attached to the city and the airport. Local buses are operated in most part by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) although there are some lines which are operated by private sector companies under contract to TMB. There are over 100 urban lines serving the city and most of them pass through two or more districts, covering relatively long distances within Barcelona. Because of this, some lines called Bus del Barri (meaning The Neighbourhood's Bus in Catalan) were created. These lines are operated by small buses and cover short-haul routes enabling access to various parts of the neighbourhood as the shopping area, health care services, education centers and other facilities. Interurban buses Nitbus RetBus Aerobús Tour buses Long distance buses Other Numbering and pricing See also Transport in Barcelona Autoritat del Transport Metropolità Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona

José Manuel Estrada and Buses in Barcelona

José M. Estrada

José Manuel Estrada (born in Buenos Aires el 13 July 1842; died in Asunción, Paraguay, 17 September 1894) was a lawyer, writer, Argentinean politician, eminent speaker and representative of Catholic thought.

Contents 1 Biography 2 Publications 3 References 4 Bibliography

Biography

José Manuel Estrada, with other thinkers and political defenders of Catholic thought such as Pedro Goyena and Emilio Lamarca, stood out in Argentinean history for their firm opposition to the Secularism that characterized the government of the country between the second half of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century.

President Sarmiento designated him Secretary of External Relationships and head of the General Department of Schools. He was elected deputy for Buenos Aires (1873–1876). He founded the newspaper The Argentinean. Between 1876 and 1888 he acted as Rector of the National Association of Buenos Aires.

He made an important contribution to the Pedagogic Congress of 1882, where it was agreed that the state school system should be Catholic, maintaining this position in a long debate with Leandro Alem. This was opposed to the Law 1420 of 1884 for public, free and compulsory teaching that established the lay public school system. He was also opposed to the Law of civil marriage sanctioned in 1888, representing the opinion of the Catholic thinkers.

In 1885 he was appointed president of the recently founded Catholic Union. In 1888 he was re-elected as national deputy. His tomb in the cemetery of the Recoleta

He taught Constitutional Rights and Administrative Rights in the University of Buenos Aires and he stood out as a journalist in the magazine The Union that he directed along with Pedro Goyena and Tristán Achával Rodríguez, where they defended their positions in opposition to the liberal reforms of the governments of that time, whose main advocate was Julio Argentino Roca.

In 1891 he accepted the position of Plenipotentiary Minister in Paraguay, where he died in 1894.

His remains lie in the cemetery of La Recoleta. A monument was erected to him in the Plaza Loria in 1947.

In commemoration of his death, the professor is celebrated each September 17 in the Republic of Argentina. Publications El génesis de nuestra raza, 1861. El catolicismo y la democracia, 1862. Ensayo histórico sobre la revolución de los comuneros del Paraguay en el siglo XVIII, 1865. Lecciones sobre la Historia de la República Argentina (Recopilación de sus clases en el Colegio Normal)
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