Egyptologists use the acronym KV (standing for Kings' Valley) to designate tombs located in the Valley of the Kings. The system was established by John Gardner Wilkinson in 1821. Wilkinson numbered the 21 tombs known to him (some of which had been open since antiquity) according to their location, starting at the entrance to the valley and then moving south and east. Tombs that have been discovered since then have been allocated a sequential KV number (those in the Western Valley are known by the WV equivalent) in the order of their discovery. KV1 KV2 KV3 KV4 KV5 KV6 KV7 KV8 KV9 KV10 KV11 KV12 KV13 KV14 KV15 KV16 KV17 KV18 KV19 KV20 KV21 WV22 WV23 WV24 WV25 KV26 KV28 KV29 KV30 KV31 KV32 KV34 KV35 KV36 KV37 KV38 KV39 KV40 KV41 KV42 KV43 KV44 KV45 KV46 KV47 KV48 KV54 KV55 KV56 KV57 KV58 KV59 KV61 KV62 KV63Valley of the Kings Sketch MapContents 1 East Valley 2 West Valley 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksEast ValleyMost of the open tombs in the Valley of the Kings are located in the East Valley, and this is where most tourists can be found. West ValleyThe numbering the West Valley follows in sequence to that of the East Valley, and there are only four known burials / pits in the valley.WV22 – This is the tomb of one of the greatest rulers of the Egyptian New Kingdom, Amenhotep III. It has recently been investigated, but is not open to the public.WV23 – This is the tomb of Ay and is the only tomb that is open to the public in the West Valley.WV24 – The original owner of this tomb is unknown.WV25 – This tomb may have been started as the Theban burial of Akhenaten, but it was never finished.WVA – This was a storage chamber for Amenhotep III's tomb which was located nearby. See also Theban Mapping Project
Wernigerode and List of burials in the Valley of the KingsWernigerode (German pronunciation: ) is a town in the district of Harz, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Until 2007, it was the capital of the district of Wernigerode. Its population was 35,041 in 2012.Wernigerode is located southwest of Halberstadt, and is picturesquely situated on the Holtemme river, on the north slopes of the Harz Mountains. Wernigerode is located on the German Timber-Frame Road.Contents 1 Geography 1.1 Location 1.2 Town divisions 1.3 Climate 2 History 2.1 Emergence of the town 2.2 Mayors 2.3 Population statistics 3 Architecture 4 Sights 5 Culture 5.1 Natural monuments 6 Sport 7 International relations 8 Notes 9 References 10 External linksGeography Location Wernigerode CastleThe town lies at about 250 metres above sea level (NN) on the northeastern flank of the Harz Mountains in central Germany, at the foot of their highest peak, the Brocken, on the B 6 and B 244 federal highways and on the railway line from Halberstadt to Vienenburg that links the cities of Halle (Saale) and Hanover.The River Holtemme flows through the town and, not far from its western gate, it is joined by the Zillierbach stream, which is also known as the Flutrenne near its mouth. North of the town the Barrenbach flows through several ponds and empties into the Holtemme in the village of Minsleben. The historic town centre consists of an old town and a new town (Altstadt and Neustadt). The town's borough includes Hasserode, Nöschenrode, the residential estates of Stadtfeld, Burgbreite and Harzblick as well as the villages of Benzingerode, Minsleben, Silstedt, Schierke and Reddeber.The borough measures 9.5 km from west to east and 6 km from north to south. Its highest point is the Brocken, at 1,141 metres above NN, and its lowest is at 215 metres.The town lies on the German-Dutch holiday road known as the Orange Route.The Northern Harz Boundary Fault crosses the borough along which the watershed between the Weser and Elbe rivers. To the north precipitation flows into the Weser, to the southeast, later northeast, waters flow into the Elbe. This fault line runs through the suburb of Hasserode to the west south west of the city centre and forms the town's castle hill to the south east of the city centre. Wernigerode and the Brocken in winter Town divisionsThe borough of Wernigrode is divided into the town itself, including the villages of Hasserode and Nöschenrode incorporated before 1994 and five villages with their own parish councils that were integrated in 1994: Benzingerode, Minsleben, Reddeber, Schierke and Silstedt. Climate Wernigerode in the rain shadow of the HarzWernigerode is located in the Central European transition subzone of the temperate climatic zone. Its average annual temperature is 9.5 °C; its average annual precipitation is 500 millimetres.The warmest months are June to August with average temperatures of 16.0 to 18.3 °C and the coldest are December to February at 1.1 to 2.1 °C.The most rain falls in July, on average 54 millimetres, the least in February, with 30 millimetres on average.The climate, more precisely the amounts of precipitation and temperatures, are influenced by the orographic rainfall caused by the Harz Mountains. Because the town lies in the rain shadow (leeward side) of the Harz, less precipitation falls here than in similar temperate regions without the protection of a mountain range. In addition the occasional föhn winds that occur result in an increase in temperatures.Wernigerode has a snow load class of 3 according to the German industrial standard, DIN 1055. History Friedrich August Schmidt: Stadt Wernigerode vom Eisenberg, c. 1820 - Wernigerode around 1820, Wernigerode in 1951Wernigerode was the capital of the medieval County of Wernigerode and Stolberg-Wernigerode. In 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars, it became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony. The Hasseröder brewery was founded in Wernigerode in 1872.After World War II, Wernigerode was included in the new state Saxony-Anhalt. During the time of Communist East Germany, the town was very close to the inner German border. Wernigerode became part of the restored state of Saxony-Anhalt in 1990 after German reunification. Emergence of the townThere are no written sources confirming exactly when the town was established. According to the latest research – for example, by Eduard Jacobs and Walther Grosse – there were no early relations with the Abbey at Corvey (Weser) and the abbot there, Warin, instead the town name suggests it was a protected clearance settlement.The first area to be settle was the Klint, where there was a lowland castle, the so-called Schnakenburg. In 1805 the ruins of this castle site were demolished. The only part remaining is Haus Gadenstedt at Oberpfarrkirchhof 12 which dates to the year 1582. At the time of the first settlelement there was still ancient forest, typical of the Harz, on the heights of the Klint, which had first to be cleared, hence the suffix -rode in the town name which means "clearing".The town was first mentioned in the records in 1121 in connexion with Count Adalbert of Haimar who had moved here from the region near Hildesheim and henceforth was titled the Count of Wernigerode. On 17 April 1229 the settlement was granted town rights along the lines of that for Goslar. In 2004 Wernigerode celebrated the 775th anniversary of that occasion.As a result of the immigration of new townsfolk from the surrounding villages a new settlement, later called Neustadt, grew up on the northeastern edge of the old town. It was a farming settlement that lay outside the walls of the old town. St. John's Church was built as the parish church of Wernigerode's Neustadt in the last third of the 13th century in the Romanesque style. Mayors Runden, circa 1640 Ludwig Gepel, 7 January 1921 to 6 January 1933 Ulrich von Fresenius (1 September 1888; died 12 November 1962), 10 January 1933 to 20 April 1945 Max Otto (1889-1969), SPD/SED, 20 April 1945 to 1951 Gustav Strahl, 1951 to 1962 Martin Kilian, SED, 24 October 1962 to 1990 Herbert Teubner, CDU, 1990 to 1991 Horst-Dieter Weyrauch, CDU, 1991 to 1994 Ludwig Hoffmann, SPD, 1994 to 31 July 2008 Peter Gaffert, independent, since 1 August 2008 Rathaus Wernigerode and Christmas market Population statistics Architecture Town hall and MarketplaceWernigerode contains several interesting Gothic buildings, including a fine town hall with a timber facade from 1498. Some of the quaint old houses which have escaped the numerous fires through the years are elaborately adorned with wood-carving. The Gerhart-Hauptmann Gymnasium, occupying a modern Gothic building, is the successor to an ancient grammar school in existence until 1825. Brandy, Hasseröder lager, cigars and dyes are among the products manufactured in Wernigerode. The castle (Schloß Wernigerode) of the princes of Stolberg-Wernigerode rises above the town. The original was built in the 12th century but the present castle was built between 1862 and 1893 by Karl Frühling and includes parts of the medieval building. Sights Harzer Schmalspurbahn - a narrow gauge railway that leads from Wernigerode to the Brocken (1141 m), the highest peak in the Harz Mountains, and then goes to Nordhausen to the south of the Harz mountains. The second highest peak, Wurmberg (971 m), is accessible by cable car from Braunlage which is connected by bus to Wernigerode. Wernigerode has numerous museums, galleries, libraries, monuments and parks. Armeleuteberg - hill with an Emperor Tower and forest inn.Top of the Brocken with the Brockenbahn, which starts in WernigerodeView over the old town of WernigerodeTown hall at nightWernigerode CastleThe Campus Wernigerode is part of the Hochschule HarzThe Hasseröder brewery in Wernigerode CultureWernigerode is the home of the choir Rundfunk-Jugendchor Wernigerode. Natural monuments Steinerne and Kleine Renne, and the nearby well of Wernigeröder Bürgerbrunnen Ottofels, rock formation with extensive views over the Harz Mönchsbuche, a protected beech on the old monk's way SportWernigerode hosts the Brocken Marathon each October. Wernigerode also has had an American Football club, The Mountain Tigers, since 1993. During the last 19 years this team has played in Germany's Oberliga 4 and Regionaliga 3. Since its inception, it has been a mainstay for American football in the Harz region. International relations Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in GermanyWernigerode is twinned with: Carpi, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, since 1964 Cisnădie, Romania, since 2002 Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany, since 1998 Hŏi An, Vietnam, since 2013 Notes ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31.12.2013" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German). April 2014.
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