The Canterbury Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876.Contents 1 Description 2 Geography 3 Railways 4 Superintendents 5 Executive Council 6 Anniversary Day 7 Legislation 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External linksDescriptionThe capital of the Province of Canterbury was Christchurch and it was there the Provincial Council sat. Elections were held in 1853 for Superintendent and, later that year, for the 12 member council. These elections pre-dated any elected national assembly. The franchise was extended to men over the age of 21 who owned property in the province.The first meeting place was the former office of the Guardian and Advertiser, Canterbury's second newspaper, in Chester Street near the Avon River. During 1866, the council moved to the house owned by Guise Brittan, which later became part of the Clarendon Hotel. One session in 1858 was held in the town hall in what is now High Street; the town hall was in the section north of Lichfield Street. On 28 September 1859, the council first met in what became known as the Timber Chamber of the Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings. The Stone Chamber of the Provincial Council Buildings was used from November 1865. Geography The Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings, designed by Benjamin MountfortOn the east coast the province was bounded by the Hurunui River in the north and the Waitaki River in the south. The boundary on the west coast was largely undefined before the West Coast became its own province.In 1868 the West Coast was separated from the Province with the formation of the County of Westland on the West Coast with the boundary line defined as the crest of the Southern Alps. In 1873 the County formed its own Province, the short-lived Westland Province.In the south the course of the Waitaki River was not known and disputes arose with the Province of Otago over pastoral leases in the inland high country.In the 1860s South Canterbury made two bids to become separate province but this was rejected by the national government. Instead in 1867 the General Assembly created the Timaru and Gladstone Board of Works which received a proportion of the Canterbury provincial land revenues and was authorised to maintain and build the Timaru harbour and local roads and bridges. RailwaysThe Canterbury Province was the first to open a public railway in New Zealand, at Ferrymead in 1863. Edward Dobson was the Provincial Engineer. The track ran between Christchurch and Ferrymead, and also helped with bringing supplies for the building of the Lyttelton tunnel. Once this was completed, it eventually went into decline as Ferrymead waned as a destination for visitors, causing it to be closed four years after opening.The Canterbury Provincial Railways were eventually absorbed into the New Zealand Railways Department in 1876. SuperintendentsCharles Simeon was the returning officer for the first election of a Superintendent. The nomination meeting was held at the Christchurch Land Office (the site now occupied by Our City), and there were three polling stations: in Christchurch at the Resident Magistrate's Court, in Lyttelton at the Resident Magistrate's Court, and in Akaroa.Canterbury had four Superintendents: Executive CouncilThe Executive Council is comparable to a cabinet. The following 26 Executive Councils existed: Anniversary DayNew Zealand law provides an anniversary day for each province. The anniversary day for the Canterbury Province was originally 16 December, the day of the arrival in 1850 of the first two of the First Four Ships, the Charlotte Jane and the Randolph. Since 1862, a Canterbury A&P Show (Agricultural and Pastoral) has been held annually. The Friday of the show had for many years been the People's Day or Show Day, and sometime between 1955 and 1958, Christchurch City Council moved the anniversary day to coincide with Show Day, as this allowed banks and businesses to close and people to attend the A&P Show. The definition for Show Day is the "second Friday after the first Tuesday of November (i.e. Show Day will be two weeks after the first Tuesday in November — on a Friday, mainly so that it does not clash with the Melbourne Cup Racing Carnival)" (note that Melbourne Cup is held on the first Tuesday in November). The anniversary day as set for the A&P Show is observed in mid and North Canterbury, whilst South Canterbury observes Dominion Day (the fourth Monday of September). Legislation Canterbury Ordinances 1853 - 1875 The full text of the legislation enacted by the Canterbury Provincial Council between its inception in 1853 and its demise in 1875. Church Property Trust Ordinance 1854 Christ's College Ordinance 1855 Municipal Councils Reserves Ordinance 1862 Municipal Corporation Reserves Ordinance 1868 Reserve No 424 Ordinance 1873 Educational Reserves Leasing Ordinance (No 2) 1875 Reserve No 168 Ordinance 1875 Reserve No 62 Ordinance 1875 See also Edward Jollie Arthur Dudley Dobson Notes ^ Wigram 1916, p. 240. ^ Canterbury Railway Society http://www.canterburyrailsociety.co.nz/ferrymead-history/. Retrieved 5 August 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help) ^ "Page 1 Advertisements Column 2". Lyttelton Times III (131). 9 July 1853. p. 1. Retrieved 11 September 2013. ^ "Provinces 1848-77". Rulers.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. ^ Wigram 1916, pp. 237–240. ^ "The Resignation of the Executive". The Press III (328). 18 November 1863. p. 2. Retrieved 17 April 2014. ^ Swarbrick, Nancy (16 December 2013). "Public holidays - Celebrating communities". Te Ara: the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 20 April 2014. ^ a b "New Zealand Cup and Show Week and Canterbury Anniversary". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 20 April 2014. ^ "New Zealand public holiday dates 2011–13". Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
The Other Side of Heaven and Canterbury ProvinceThe Other Side of Heaven is a 2001 American adventure drama film written and directed by Mitch Davis. The film stars Christopher Gorham and Anne Hathaway.The film is about John Groberg's experience as a Mormon missionary in the Tongan islands in the 1950s and is based on a true story from the book that he wrote about his experiences, In the Eye of the Storm. The film focuses on Groberg's adventurous experiences and trials while serving as a missionary in the South Pacific. While portraying these events, the film discusses little LDS theology, focusing instead on the Mormon missionary experience.Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Release 5 References 6 External linksPlotSet in the 1950s, John Groberg is playing in the band at a dance being held at Brigham Young University. Jean Sabin is his girlfriend who is also at the dance. They dance with each other and leave the dance together. John's family in Idaho Falls receives his mission call. He learns that he is called to serve in Tonga. He says goodbye to his family and leaves from Idaho Falls to Los Angeles, where he boards a ship and gets to Fiji where he is detained in a Fijian jail. He is released and sets sail for Tonga, where he meets his mission president who introduces him to Feki, his companion who is a native Tongan who also speaks English. They are assigned to serve in a remote island of the mission. He expects a warm welcome from the people, but he is greeted with contempt by the island people. He goes through culture shock as he adjusts to the Tongan culture, difficulty with the Tongan language and with a local minister has told the people not to listen to John or to his message. He begins by learning the Tongan language, but also isolates himself, studying the Bible in both English and Tongan, becoming more familiar with the language. John and Feki build a house for themselves on the island. One morning, John discovers that rats have eaten the soles of his feet. His fellow church members help him as his feet heal. They heal just in time for the Sunday church meetings, and he is miraculously able to walk. This astonishes the people, and they become more receptive to his message. One night, a group of men surround John and Feki to beat them up. They have been sent by the local minister. One of the men, Tomasi, breaks them up and sends them away. Tomasi saves John and Feki, because he was baptized into the church and is Mormon himself.Tomasi begins attending church meetings. A local woman, at the behest of her family, tries to seduce John so that she can have a "half-white baby". The woman's mother becomes offended at John's rejection of her daughter. John tells her that he is saving himself for Jean, his girlfriend back home. The woman's mother is satisfied. A hurricane hits the island, and the island is heavily damaged. A supply ship is expected in a few weeks, but the ship is late. The people ration their food and water to survive. Many people on the island die. John is saved when the local minister approaches him, apologizes to him, and gives John his last ration of food. The supply ship arrives, and John, Feki, and many others are saved. The local minister passes away and is given an honorable burial. The mission president authorizes John to form a congregation on the island. John is set apart as the branch president and calls two counselors. Feki is assigned to go back to construction. John and Feki part ways, and thank each other for their friendship. The new mission president visits the island and has concerns about the work there. Even though a lot of work has been done, the mission president has no records of the work. John quickly completes the required forms and turns them in to the mission president.The mission president apologizes to John and praises John for his work. He also puts John in for a six-month extension of his mission. While traveling to an outlying island, John and his two counselors are caught in a major storm at sea. All three are tossed overboard and must swim for their lives. John miraculously makes it to shore and finds that his counselors are also safe. Once John returns to the Tongan Island, he finds out the six-month extension is denied, and John concludes his mission to Tonga. The people thank him for all he has done for them, and John heads back home to the United States. Throughout his mission, John and Jean keep in contact by letters. Some of the narrative of the story is told through these letters. They remain faithful to each other and are married after John returns home. They have children and continue to serve in the church. They also visit the Tongan islands several times. Cast Christopher Gorham as John H. Groberg Anne Hathaway as Jean Sabin Joe Folau as Feki Nathaniel Lees as Kelepi Miriama Smith as Lavinia Alvin Fitisemanu as Tomasi Pua Magasiva as Finau ProductionThe Other Side of Heaven is based on John Groberg's book entitled In the Eye of the Storm. Deseret Book, who owned the rights to the book, was hesitant to sell the rights for a movie due to concerns about how The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints would be portrayed in the film. The fact that the producer, the director, and many of the filming crew were Latter-day Saints alleviated this concern. Deseret Book quickly sold the rights to the book allowing the film to be made.The title of the film was changed from In the Eye of the Storm to The Other Side of Heaven to avoid confusion with The Perfect Storm, which had been released a year earlier.Gerald R. Molen, the producer, had worked on several notable films, including The Color Purple, Rain Man, Schindler's List, and The Lost World: Jurassic Park. He won an Academy Award for his work in Schindler's List and is a Latter-day Saint. Mitch Davis, the director, had worked on several Disney films before this film. He won a CAMIE Award for this film, which was shared with Gerald R. Molen and several film crew members. He is a Latter-day Saint.Christopher Gorham was cast as John H. Groberg in the film because of his ability to balance the seriousness of the role with lighter, more comedic moments. He learned how to speak the Tongan parts with a flawless accent.Anne Hathaway was cast as Jean Groberg (née Sabin) in the film, her parts being shot towards the end of the production. She immediately began working on The Princess Diaries after completing work on this film. The film was shot on location in New Zealand, even the opening scenes set at Brigham Young University.Polynesian actors were used for most of the roles. The less experienced ones relied heavily on the more experienced ones. The cast and crew enjoyed a great amount of cooperation from locals. When the film crew arrived on the Island of Rarotonga (capital of the Cook Islands), the Prime Minister welcomed them by gathering all of the religious ministers of the community for a prayer meeting. They prayed that the film crew would be blessed with good weather. The photographs in the opening scenes are of the actual people portrayed in the film, provided by John H. Groberg.During the opening dance scene, extras were hired from almost every swing club in New Zealand. Gorham and Hathaway did most of their own dancing. Hathaway was kicked in the head in one of the takes and was nearly knocked out.The scenes where Groberg learns the Tongan language were altered slightly for dramatic effect. He did isolate himself and study the Bible in both English and Tongan and went without food and water for several days. However, he spent time in a bush, rather than on a beach.Groberg and Feki's hut was recreated from photographs, an authentic replica of the one that they actually lived in.Groberg really did have rats eat the soles of his feet while he slept. When he awoke that morning, they split open, and the members of his branch helped treat his feet. He spent time outside with his feet pointed up at the sun in order to sear the soles of his feet with the heat from the sun. Later in life, he was diagnosed with skin cancer on the soles of his feet due to exposure to the sun. His doctor was puzzled about how he could have exposed the soles of his feet to the sun. Groberg responded to his doctor, "Have I got a story to tell you..."A boy really did fall from a mango tree. He was on his way to a church meeting on Tuesday. He climbed the tree because it had very good mangos. He fell out of the tree and was knocked out. When he awoke on Thursday after being treat by Groberg, he was worried that he was late to his church meeting.The real Feki's father was not a drinking man, nor did he beat his wife. Liberties were taken in order to combine several characters. This particular alteration was done with the permission of the real Feki's children.The real John H. Groberg, his wife Jean, one of his grandsons and one of his daughters with her husband can be seen at the very end during the wedding scene. As the camera pans from right to left, his daughter, then her husband, then the grandson, then John are taking a picture of the couple, and his wife is next to him clapping. The first cut of the film was 2 hours 15 minutes and the final one was 1 hour 53 minutes.
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