Hugh Cornwell and Gravelines (horse)

Hugh Alan Cornwell (born 28 August 1949, Tufnell Park, North London, England) is an English musician and singer-songwriter, best known for being the vocalist and guitarist for the punk rock/new wave band, The Stranglers, from 1974 to 1990.

Contents 1 Early career 2 The Stranglers 3 Post-Stranglers solo career 3.1 Solo style 4 Films, theatre and television 5 Cricket 6 Books 7 Discography 7.1 Solo albums 7.2 Collaborations 8 References 9 External links

Early career

Cornwell grew up in Tufnell Park and Kentish Town and attended William Ellis School in Highgate, where he played bass in a band with Richard Thompson, later a member of Fairport Convention. In the late 1960s, after earning a bachelor's degree in biochemistry from Bristol University, he embarked on post-graduate research at Lund University in Sweden. Not long after his arrival he formed the band Johnny Sox. The Stranglers

Cornwell returned to the UK in 1974 with Johnny Sox (minus Hans Wärmling). Jet Black then joined the band. At one stage it was just Cornwell and Black, who were then joined by Jean-Jacques Burnel. Hans Wärmling, on holiday from Sweden, joined the line-up towards the end of 1974. The Johnny Sox name was then dropped and the band toured under the name The Guildford Stranglers and eventually The Stranglers.

Wärmling was soon replaced by Dave Greenfield, who joined in 1975 after answering an advertisement placed in the Melody Maker. Cornwell was the lead guitarist in the group, and he also sang the majority of songs.

By 1977 the group had secured a contract with United Artists Records; they went on to become the highest-selling band to emerge from the UK punk scene, with numerous hit singles and record albums.

By the time Cornwell reached his thirties the British punk scene had started to fade, and this was instrumental in prompting him to begin a solo career. He recorded his first album away from the group, Nosferatu, in collaboration with the Captain Beefheart's Magic Band's drummer, Robert Williams, in 1979.

In 1990 he decided that the band could go no further artistically. He recorded the album 10 with the band before leaving after sixteen years. Post-Stranglers solo career Live in 2010

After leaving The Stranglers, Cornwell worked with Roger Cook and Andy West as CCW. Their self-titled album was released in 1992, with five tracks co-produced by Neil Davidge. Cornwell has released several solo albums including Wolf (1988) produced by Ian Ritchie, Wired (1993), Guilty (1997), Hi Fi (2000), Footprints in the Desert (2002), Mayday (2002), In the Dock (2003), and Beyond Elysian Fields (2004). Wired, Guilty and Hi Fi were released under different names, and with slightly different track listings, in the United States. Beyond Elysian Fields was initially released by Track Records in the UK, followed by Invisible Hands Music in the rest of the world, with expanded artwork. In 2006 a live album in two forms appeared: People Places Pieces, a triple CD box set, accompanied by a simultaneously released mass-market highlights disc, Dirty Dozen. The 12-track highlights disc, Live It and Breathe It, was released in 2005 in advance of the box set. Cornwell playing at Guilfest 2011

In December 2006 Cornwell toured with Blondie in the UK, and in September 2007 with Robert Williams. Three new songs were previewed, "Bangin' On", "Please Don't Put Me On A Slow Boat To Trowbridge" and "Delightful Nightmare". After this tour, the drum stool was taken over by Chris Bell, with bassist Caroline Campbell completing the current trio.

In June 2008 Cornwell followed in the footsteps of Radiohead and Nine Inch Nails by offering his new album Hooverdam as a free download on his website. Hooverdam was recorded at Toe Rag Studios with record producer, Liam Watson. The album was accompanied by a film, Blueprint, which depicted the recording process of the album. Cornwell explained that the film was partly motivated by the risible quality of DVDs accompanying contemporary CD releases. Blueprint was described as "an engrossing film that borrows from Godard's "Sympathy For The Devil" and Jewison's The Thomas Crown Affair". The film had a limited theatre release in June 2008, with Cornwell attending each screening and taking part in a Q&A session at the end of the film. In February and March 2009, with the rhythm section of Campbell and Bell, Cornwell took Hooverdam on a tour of the UK and France, playing the whole album in order, followed by a mix of older solo and Stranglers material. On 26 June 2009 they played at the Glastonbury Festival.

In late 2009 Cornwell and his band toured the US and the UK, playing the Hooverdam and Rattus Norvegicus albums back to back.

In October and November 2010 Cornwell toured the US, with Steve Fishman on bass and vocals and Clem Burke from Blondie on drums. At the Mercury Lounge they were also joined onstage by Tim Wheeler.

On 23 September 2011 Cornwell announced details of a new album, Totem & Taboo, via the direct-to-fan platform Pledgemusic, which was available to pre-order along with a number of other exclusive, signed and unique items and experiences, many of which were designed by Cornwell. The album was released on 10 September 2012. Solo style

His solo gigs typically consist of a three-piece band, with Cornwell on guitar and vocals, and backed by drums and bass guitar. His band does not usually use keyboards. During an interview with the BBC's David Burns on 31 October 2014, he cited the stripped-down three-piece as his preferred musical format, likening it to the classic Jimi Hendrix and Cream formats. Films, theatre and television

Cornwell has an interest in acting, and has appeared in a number of productions including the 1987 Peter Richardson film Eat the Rich, the award-winning BBC Screen Two series (successor to Play for Today) and in the 1995 BBC production, Rumble. He has also appeared in a number of videos and short films, including Bertrand Fèvre's L'étoile de sang and Ben Thomas' Somewhere. Cricket

A cricket fan, Cornwell appeared on the 'Jamie Theakston Cricket Show' on BBC Radio 5 Live in 2001. He played a live acoustic version of "(Get A) Grip (On Yourself)" with the then England batsman and guitarist Mark Butcher. Cornwell subsequently became a player with Bunbury Cricket Club, and has been a guest on 'A View From The Boundary' on BBC Radio Four's Test Match Special and BBC Radio 5 Live's Yes It's The Ashes. Books

Cornwell has written five books: Inside Information (1980) tells of the time he spent in Pentonville prison for drug possession The Stranglers – Song by Song (2001) guides the reader through all of The Stranglers catalogue A Multitude of Sins (2004) is his autobiography Window on the World (July 2011) ISBN 978-0-7043-7230-6 is a novel A fifth book and second novel, Arnold Drive, ISBN 978-1-78352-052-7, was published in 2014. Discography Solo albums Wolf (1988) Wired (1993) (US title: First Bus to Babylon, 1999) Guilty (1997) (US title: Black Hair, Black Eyes, Black Suit, 1999) Mayday (download: 1999, CD: Track, September 2002) (live album) Solo (1999) Hi Fi (2000) Footprints in the Desert (Track, April 2002) In the Dock (Track, 24 March 2003) (live acoustic album) Beyond Elysian Fields (Track, October 2004) Beyond Acoustic Fields (2008) (acoustic recordings of tracks of Beyond Elysian Fields, limited edition to buy on tour only) People, Places, Pieces (2006) (3-CD box set, live recordings), a one-CD compilation of this box set was released as Dirty Dozen. Hooverdam (2008) New Songs for King Kong (2010) (live album) You're Covered, Limited to 250 copies on Cornwell's 2011 tour, features covers of Cornwell's influences. Totem and Taboo, recorded with producer Steve Albini, released on digital download to pledgers on 25 June 2013. Collaborations Nosferatu (1979) (Cornwell with Robert Williams) CCW (1992) (Cornwell with Roger Cook and Andy West) Sons of Shiva: Sons of Shiva (1999: download release, September 2002: CD Track Records) Sons of Shiva are Cornwell and poet Sex W. Johnston (actually John W. Sexton)

Gravelines (horse) and Hugh Cornwell

Gravelines (1972 – 30 April 1977) was a French-bred Thoroughbred racehorse. Unraced as a juvenile, he won three minor races as a three-year-old in 1975 but was beaten when tried in higher class. In 1976 he made significant improvement, winning the Prix du Palais-Royal, Prix Jacques le Marois and Prix du Moulin and ending the year as one of the highest rated horses in Europe. He was moved to the United States in 1977 where he won the Canadian Turf Handicap and the Pan American Handicap before being fatally injured in the Hialeah Turf Cup Handicap.

Contents 1 Background 2 Racing career 2.1 1975: three-year-old season 2.2 1976: four-year-old season 2.3 1977: five-year-old season 3 Assessment and awards 4 Pedigree 5 References

Background

Gravelines was a grey horse bred in France by Dayton Ltd, a breeding company owned by the French art dealer Daniel Wildenstein. He was by far the best horse sired by Cadmus, a British-bred stallion who recorded his most significant wins in the Prix La Force in 1966 and the Prix d'Harcourt in 1967. Cadmus had little success as a breeding stallion in Europe and was sold and exported to Japan. Gravelines' dam Gray Dove was a full-sister of Pink Pigeon, who won the Santa Barbara Handicap in 1969. Wildenstein sent his colt into training in France with the Argentinian Angel Penna, Sr. Racing career 1975: three-year-old season

Unraced as a two-year-old, Gravelines made his debut in the summer of 1975, winning minor races over 1600 metres and 1500 metres. He was then moved up in class for the Prix Messidor over 1600 metres on 24 July at Deauville Racecourse. Ridden by Robert Jallu he started at odds of 15/1 and finished out of the first ten in a race won by Son of Silver. After another minor win he contested the Group Three Prix du Pin over 1400 metres at Longchamp Racecourse in September and finished unplaced behind Northern Taste. 1976: four-year-old season

Gravelines began the 1976 season by winning a minor event at Saint-Cloud Racecourse in February. He continued to compete in second-class races, finishing second to Lanargo at Saint-Cloud and winning over 1800 metres. On 30 May, the colt was moved up in class for the Prix du Palais-Royal over 1400 metres at Longchamp. In France, horses in the same ownership are coupled for betting purposes and Gravelines was made 5/2 second favourite together with his more highly regarded stablemate Monsanto, who had been runner-up to Grundy in the Irish 2000 Guineas. Ridden by Yves Saint-Martin, the grey colt recorded his first major victory, beating Girl Friend by two lengths, with Monsanto in third. In his next two races, Gravelines finished second to Full of Hope in the Prix du Chemin de Fer du Nord at Chantilly Racecourse and third behind Dona Barod and Monsanto in the Prix Messidor at Maisons-Laffitte Racecourse.

On 8 August at Deauville, Gravelines was moved up to Group One level for the first time for the Prix Jacques le Marois. He was coupled in the betting with his stablemate El Rastro and started 2/1 favourite against twelve opponents including Full of Hope, Vitiges, Manado, Donna Barod, Girl Friend and the St James's Palace Stakes winner Radetzky. With Yves Saint-Martin opting to partner El Rastro, Gravelines was ridden by the Australian jockey Gary Moore. The race produced a blanket finish, with the first seven home covered by less than a length, but Gravelines prevailed by a head from Radetzky and Vitiges, who dead-heated for second, with Manado, Ellora, Avaray and El Rastro just behind. After a break of seven weeks, Gravelines returned for the Group One Prix du Moulin at Longchamp on 26 September. With Saint-Martin resuming the ride, the grey colt started 7/10 favourite, coupled with Monsanto and the Prix Jean Prat winner Earth Spirit, against a field which included Avaray, Manado, Ellora, Son of Silver and Dona Barod. Gravelines accelerated impressively in the straight and won easily by two and a half lengths from Dona Barod with Manado in third.

In early October, Gravelines was offered for sale at the Polo Club sale in Paris and was bought for ₣950,000 by representatives of Maribel G. Blum & Mrs. Robert Harpinau. 1977: five-year-old season

In 1977, Gravelines was transferred to the United States where he was trained by Neal Winick. On his first appearance for hi new connections, Gravelines finished second in an allowance race at Gulfstream Park on February 4. Fifteen days later the horse contested the Grade III Canadian Turf Handicap over eight and a half furlongs and won from Proponent and Lord Layabout. On March 5 was moved up in clas and distance for the Grade II Pan American Handicap over one and a half miles in which he was ridden by Jerry Bailey and won by more than six lengths in a track record time from Le Cypriote and Gay Jitterbug. On his next appearance he moved to Hialeah Park and finished second to All Friends in the Grade III Bougainvillea Handicap on April 2. Four weeks later at the same course, Gravelines was fatally injured in the Hialeah Turf Cup Handicap. Ridden by the sixteen-year-old Steve Cauthen the horse the horse broke his right front ankle approaching the final turn and was euthanised shortly after the race. After the race an emotional Cauthen said "I started to make my move when he gave out. He dropped his left front leg and went right to his rear end, That's when he broke down. I pulled him off and then jumped off him." Assessment and awards

In 1976, the independent Timeform organisation awarded Gravelines a rating of 130, two pounds behind their best miler Wollow, and three behind the top-rated older horse Trepan. In the French handicap for 1976 he was rated the third best horse of the year behind the middle-distance runners Ivanjica and Ashmore. Pedigree
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