Jimmer Fredette and Gordon Eugene Martin

James Taft "Jimmer" Fredette (born February 25, 1989) is an American professional basketball player who currently plays for the San Antonio Spurs of the National Basketball Association (NBA). Fredette is a native of Glens Falls, New York. He played college basketball at Brigham Young University (BYU) and was the leading scorer in all of NCAA Division I basketball during his senior season. Fredette was also named the National Player of the Year and won the Wooden Award, the Naismith Award, the Adolph Rupp Trophy, and the Oscar Robertson Trophy that same season. He was selected with the tenth overall pick in the 2011 NBA draft by the Milwaukee Bucks and subsequently traded to the Sacramento Kings.

Contents 1 Early life 2 High school career 3 College career 3.1 Freshman year 3.2 Sophomore year 3.3 Junior year 3.4 Senior year 3.5 College records 4 Professional career 4.1 Sacramento Kings (2011–2014) 4.2 Chicago Bulls (2014) 4.3 New Orleans Pelicans (2014–2015) 4.4 San Antonio Spurs (2015–present) 5 NBA career statistics 5.1 Regular season 6 Playing style and personality 7 Personal 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life

Fredette was born in Glens Falls, New York to parents Al and Kay Fredette, as the youngest of three children. His mother wanted to call him something unique and nicknamed him "Jimmer".

From his early childhood, Fredette showed unusual dedication to athletics. His older brother TJ recalled, "He was the most determined, competitive four-year-old I had ever seen." TJ helped him train for his basketball career since before kindergarten. He regularly played with TJ, seven years older, and TJ's friends on the family's backyard court. Fredette was able to hit three-pointers at age 5, and developed moves to get around his larger opponents. TJ also remembered that his brother "willed himself to find ways to win, even if he was physically outmatched. From the time he was 10, I was telling everybody he was going to make the NBA."

Other family members assisted Fredette in his development. His father, a financial adviser, introduced him to schoolyard competition against adults at age 8. As Fredette developed, his father took him on occasional road trips to Hartford and New York City for more intense competition, and also helped to coach his AAU teams. His mother allowed him to bounce basketballs throughout the house, and even built a dribbling studio for him in their basement. Her brother Lee Taft, a personal trainer who now operates a speed training school in Indianapolis, started him on running drills as a 5-year-old, and still works with Fredette.

Fredette also has an older sister, Lindsay, Miss Teen New York 1998. Fredette's father became a Mormon at the age of 18 after meeting missionary Kimball Rogers—the father of Fredette's BYU teammate Stephen Rogers— while his mother is a Catholic. Fredette, along with his two older siblings, chose to become Latter Day Saints after their parents allowed them to choose their religion. High school career

Fredette was ranked among the nation's top 75 shooting guards by ESPN.com in high school. He is Glens Falls High School's all-time leading scorer, ranking 16th on New York's all-time scoring list, with 2,404 points. Until February 24, 2015, Fredette held the all-time Section 2 high school record, until he was surpassed by Lake George senior Joel Wincowski. Fredette was named first-team all-state by the New York State Sportswriters Association and the Times Union as a junior and senior. He had several memorable on-court moments in his career at Glens Falls, including 12 different 40-point performances in his senior season, and a shot against Voorheesville High School's Andrew Catellier in the season opener of his junior year in which he banked a three-pointer off the glass and in with his opposite hand to force overtime at the end of regulation. In his senior season Fredette led his team to a 25–2 record and the Class A State Championship game which they lost 58 to 48 to a Peekskill High School team led by future Syracuse University forward Mookie Jones. He played AAU for the Albany City Rocks alongside future Penn State University point guard Talor Battle and Mark Domaracki. Fredette averaged 25 points per game to help the Rocks to a third-place win over the Minnesota Magic at the 2006 AAU National Championships. He also lit up the Sportsfest Tournament at Cedar Beach in Allentown, PA during a prestigious outdoor summer tournament. His performance included four three-pointers in the first half of the championship game fighting against 10–15 mph gusts of wind.

Despite his high school accolades, he went largely unnoticed by the traditional "basketball powers". He received offers from 12 schools and ultimately chose to attend BYU, which was sister Lindsay's alma mater and the flagship school of the LDS Church. College career

Fredette played basketball collegiately at Brigham Young University (BYU) from 2007 to 2011. He wore jersey number 32 and majored in American studies. Freshman year

Fredette played in all 35 games for the BYU Cougars as a true freshman, helping BYU earn a 27–8 record and capture the Mountain West Conference Championship. He averaged 18.5 minutes, 7.0 points, 1.7 assists, 1.1 rebounds per game, and was the team's fifth-leading scorer.

Sophomore year See also: 2008–09 BYU Cougars men's basketball team

Fredette played in all 33 games of his sophomore season starting 32 of them. He was second on the team in scoring (16.2), three-point shooting percentage (.382), three-point makes (52), and free throw percentage (.847), and first in steals (1.5) and assists (4.1). He scored in double figures 29 times and had 20-plus points 8 times. Fredette led the team in scoring 10 times, assists 19 times, and was named first team all Mountain West. Fredette became BYU's first point guard to earn first-team all-conference honors since Marty Haws in 1990. Junior year See also: 2009–10 BYU Cougars men's basketball team

On December 28, 2009, Jimmer Fredette scored 49 points against the Arizona Wildcats, setting a new BYU record and a new McKale Center record for points scored in a single game.

On March 11, 2010, Fredette scored 45 points, shooting 10-for-23 from the field, and making 23-of-24 free throws, in his team's 95–85 win over TCU. His scoring broke the cumulative Mountain West Conference tournament, and single-game tournament records. His free throw shooting broke the MWC tournament record for free throws in a single game.

On March 18, 2010, Fredette helped secure BYU's first round win in the NCAA tournament. He went on to score 37 points and hit two 3-pointers in double-overtime to seal the Cougars' 99–92 win over 10th-seeded Florida, the first time they had reached the second round of the tournament in 17 years. In doing so, he tied a BYU record for most points scored in an NCAA tournament game. (Danny Ainge, 1981).

Fredette considered foregoing his senior year and entering the draft after his junior year, and he was expected to be picked 25th to 30th, but in the end he decided to stay at BYU and play his senior year. Senior year See also: 2010–11 BYU Cougars men's basketball team Fredette playing for BYU

Fredette was named co-captain of his team alongside Jackson Emery and Logan Magnusson. He was the top-ranked point guard in the nation according to Rivals.com and led the nation in points per game despite frequently being double- or triple-teamed, which allowed him to open up shots for his teammates.

Fredette scored a season-high 47 points in BYU's road victory over archrival Utah on January 11, 2011, scoring 32 in the first half including a 40-foot buzzer beater to end the first half. He finished with 16–28 on shooting along with 4 rebounds and 6 assists. He also scored 39 against UNLV on January 5, 2011 and 33 in a rematch against the same University of Arizona team he scored 49 against his junior season.

On December 8, 2010, he returned to his hometown of Glens Falls, in what was dubbed "The Hometown Classic", to play Vermont in the Glens Falls Civic Center, scoring 26 and attracting a crowd of 6,300, nearly half of Glens Falls' population of 14,354.

On January 26, 2011, in the Mountain West Conference's first battle of top-10 teams, which attracted a crowd of over 22,700 at BYU's Marriott Center, Jimmer scored 43 points against previously undefeated San Diego State, ending the game in a 71–58 victory. This was his third game this season to score over 40 points. When BYU played on the road in San Diego, BYU dealt SDSU its only other loss that season, with an 80–67 victory in which Fredette had 25 points, 9 assists and 3 rebounds.

He became the Mountain West Conference's all-time leading scorer on Feb 5, 2011 with a 29-point performance versus UNLV in the Marriott Center.

On March 7, 2011, Fredette was named both the Mountain West Conference's player of the year and the CBSSports.com National Player of the Year.

Gordon Eugene Martin and Jimmer Fredette

Gordon Eugene Martin is a physicist and author in the field of piezoelectric materials for underwater sound transducers. He wrote early computer software automating iterative evaluation of direct computer models through a Jacobian matrix of complex numbers. His software enabled the Navy Electronics Laboratory (NEL) to accelerate design of sonar arrays for tracking Soviet Navy submarines during the Cold War.

Contents 1 Early years 2 United States Navy 3 Software development 4 Publications 5 References

Early years

Gordon was born 22 August 1925 in San Diego. He was the third of five sons of Carl Martin and Ruth (Fountain) Martin. His older brother Harold enlisted in the Army National Guard and was serving on Oahu in 1941. Gordon communicated with his brother's anti-aircraft facility by amateur radio prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, and relayed information to and from other San Diego families with National Guard members on Oahu. United States Navy Photo of USS Higbee (DD-806) while Martin was cryptography officer.

Martin enlisted in the V-12 Navy College Training Program at Kansas State Teachers College in 1943 and transferred to the University of Texas Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps. Following commissioning in 1945, Ensign Martin served as cryptography officer aboard the destroyer USS Higbee (DD-806). Following release to reserve status after World War II, he completed electrical engineering degree requirements at University of California, Berkeley and in 1947 joined the NEL team in San Diego continuing underwater sound research begun in 1942 by Glen Camp at the University of California, San Diego campus. His early work involved measurement of piezoelectric characteristics of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) and Rochelle salt. Lieutenant (junior grade) Martin was recalled to active duty during the Korean War as the first executive officer of the prototype SOSUS station on the island of Eleuthera. As the SOSUS network expanded Lieutenant Martin moved to the United States Navy Underwater Sound Laboratory in New London, Connecticut. Martin's 1954 publication describing relationships of circuit coefficients and critical frequencies of maximum and minimum admittance in piezoelectric materials was later cited in the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standard on piezoelectricity. From 1954 to 1960 he led the NEL development team for a variable magnetic reluctance transducer intended for a low-frequency array. Software development

Early sonar transducers had been developed from simplistic design assumptions followed by a trial and error design modification if the transducer failed to meet performance goals. That design approach became impractical for the large number of variables involved in optimized electrical coupling of array elements coupled acoustically by the physics of fluid water. NEL explored transducer theory with tensor analysis and continuum mechanics to determine viscous and hysteretic dissipative effects of transducer materials and radiation impedance of transducers in the water medium. NEL's mathematical models for mutual radiation impedance of transducer elements overwhelmed mechanical calculators and taxed capabilities of contemporary electronic computers.

In 1961, the United States and United Kingdom undertook a joint effort to develop digital computer software for analysis and design using the ALGOL-based Navy Electronics Laboratory International Algorithmic Compiler (NELIAC). Early software used direct models to determine critical resonance and antiresonance frequencies of piezoelectric materials and immitances at those frequencies. Results were graphed and solutions were determined to the desired accuracy by visual comparison of successive runs of the direct model software. Martin developed "find parameters" software evaluating capacitance, dissipation, resonance, and antiresonance with a Jacobian matrix and its inverse to determine losses separately for dielectric, elastic, and piezoelectric properties of individual barium titanate ceramic components. He completed the software in the summer of 1964 and it was announced at the September, 1964, seminar of the Office of Naval Research. His software was translated from NELIAC to Fortran and distributed in 1965. His automated approach to inverse modeling was subsequently presented at the 1974 IEEE Ultrasonic Manufacturers Association conference and the 1980 meeting of the Acoustical Society of America.

Martin completed a doctoral dissertation on lateral effects in piezoelectric systems at the University of Texas from 1964 to 1966; and continued working at NEL until his retirement in 1980. Shortly before retirement, he was awarded a patent (assigned to the United States Navy) for discrete amplitude shading for lobe-suppression in a discrete transducer array.

Martin founded Martin Analysis Software Technology Company following retirement; and contracted with the Navy for high-resolution beamforming with generalized eigenvector/eigenvalue (GEVEV) digital signal processing from 1985 through 1987 and for personal computer aided engineering (PC CAE) of underwater transducers and arrays from 1986 through 1989. Martin published an expanded theory of matrices in 2012 entitled A New Approach to Matrix Analysis, Complex Symmetric Matrices, and Physically Realizable Systems. Publications Variable-frequency Oscillator Circuits Possessing Exceptional Stability (1951) Determination of Equivalent‐Circuit Constants of Piezoelectric Resonators of Moderately Low Q by Absolute‐Admittance Measurements (1954) Directional Properties of Continuous Plane Radiators with Bizonal Amplitude Shading (1955 with Hickman) Broad-Band, High-Power, Low-Frequency Variable-Reluctance Projector Array (1956 with Byrnes & Hickman) Magnetic Materials for Electromagnetic Transducer Applications (1958) An Investigation of Electroacoustic Reciprocity in the Near Field (1961) Reciprocity Calibration in the Near Field (1961) Near Field of a Shaded Radiator (1961) Vibrations of Longitudinally Polarized Ferroelectric Cylindrical Tubes (1963) New Standard for Measurements of Certain Piezoelectric Ceramics (1963) Radiation Impedances of Plane‐Array Elements (1963) Velocity Control of Transducer Arrays (1963) On the Properties of Segmented Ferroelectric Ceramic Systems (1964) On the Theory of Segmented Electromechanical Systems (1964) Vibrations of Coaxially Segmented, Longitudinally Polarized Ferroelectric Tubes (1964) Computer Design of Transducers (1964) Measurement of the Gross Properties of Large Segmented Ceramic Tubes (1965) Effects of Static Stress on the Dielectric, Elastic, and Piezoelectric Properties of Ceramics (1965) Dielectric, Piezoelectric, and Elastic Losses in Longitudinally Polarized Segmented Ceramic Tubes (1965) On the propagation of longitudinal stress waves in finite solid elastic horns (1967) Comments on the Possible Resurgence of Magnetostriction Transducers for Large Ship Sonars (1967 with Berlincourt, Schenck & Smith) Near‐Field and Far‐Field Radiation from an Experimental Electrically Steered Planar Array (1967) Dielectric, Elastic and Piezoelectric Losses in Piezoelectric Materials (1974) Vibrations of plates and cylindrical shells in an acoustic medium (1976) Thirty years' progress in transducer source and receive arrays (1977) Economical computation of array gain of large lattice acoustic arrays in anisotropic sea noise (1977) Effects of dissipation in piezoelectric materials: Reminiscence (1980) Discrete amplitude shading for lobe‐suppression in discrete array (1982) The 3‐3 parameters for piezoelectric ceramics: New parameter‐measurement relations and transducer design implications (1982 with Johson) Analysis of intermodal coupling in piezoelectric ceramic rings (1983 with Benthien) Degradation of angular resolution for eigenvector-eigenvalue (EVEV) high-resolution processors with inadequate estimation of noise coherence (1984) Analyses of large arrays: Brief theory and some techniques used in 1954–1985 (1985) Transducer longitudinal‐vibrator equivalent circuits and related topics (1990) Limits of dissipative coefficients in piezoelectric transverse isotropic materials (2011) A New Approach to Matrix Analysis, Complex Symmetric Matrices, and Physically Realizable Systems (2012)
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